West Africa (Benin, Togo) : Batammariba people
"Batammariba are architecturally advanced people living in the mountainous regions of two West African countries of Togo and Benin.
The name Batammariba means "the people who are the real builders of earth". The colonialist also gave them the name Tamberma which means “Good Builders.”
They live in tower-houses made with clay and grouped in villages, which also include ceremonial spaces, springs, rocks and sites reserved for initiation ceremonies. Each building is constructed by a single architect-builder) who ‘signs’ his work on the foundation with a special symbol…”